Chart: 6 zoonoses you should know -- Cryptosporidiosis

Chart: 6 zoonoses you should know -- Cryptosporidiosis

source-image
Mar 12, 2010
veterinary_hookworm veterinary_tapeworm veterinary_roundworm veterinary_toxoplasmosis veterinary_cryptosporidiosis veterinary_lyme_disease

Common disease name

Cryptosporidiosis
(Cryptosporidiosis involves small, intracellular coccidia-like protozoans that can infect a variety of tissues and organs in vertebrate hosts.)


Scientific name

Cryptosporidium canis, Cryptosporidium parvum (commonly zoonotic), Cryptosporidium felis


Method of infection

Cats and dogs: Ingesting oocysts in feces

People: Ingesting oocysts through feces in soil, food, and water—usually contracted from contaminated drinking water or swimming pools


Signs

Cats, dogs, and people: Secretory diarrhea and fluid loss


Treatment

Few drugs are consistently effective, but some drugs such as azithromycin, paromomycin, and tylosin have been used with some success.


People most at risk

Immunocompromised people, especially those with AIDS


Prevention

  • Promptly remove animal feces from the yard and litter box.
  • Wash hands after exposure to soil.
  • Monitor children playing outside in sandboxes, parks, and swimming pools.

ADVERTISEMENT

Photo galleries

Canine genetic test offers insider info for Puppy Bowl XIII

DVM360 MAGAZINE - Feb 05, 2017

By dvm360.com staff

With the help of Embark, fans get additional insight into cuddly canine players on teams Ruff and Fluff.

DIY veterinary hospital hacks

FIRSTLINE - Feb 01, 2017

By dvm360.com staff

Use these five simple solutions to redesign your practice spaces for more comfort and efficiency.

Full disclosure: This is what happens on a toxic team

VETTED - Jan 31, 2017

By dvm360.com staff

Startling data proves that there is a link between toxic veterinary team angst and the care patients receive. Read these tell-all tales from veterinary professionals who've been there and have seen the very worst.